Toxins & Waste


The regulation of toxins and waste in Alberta relies on both federal and provincial legislation. Determining when the law of either the federal or provincial government (or both) is in effect depends primarily on an understanding of the constitutional division of powers. For example, the provincial Alberta Energy Regulator is in charge of tracking oil spills in the province until they cross a provincial border, at which time they would fall under federal jurisdiction and would be tracked by the Canadian Energy Regulator – the regulatory body in charge of trans-border pipelines.

For a more in-depth explanation of this important concept – known as federalism, check out our Fundamentals of Law section here and our Constitutional Law section here and keep an eye out for the word “federalism”.

Once you are familiar with those two concepts, we will start by looking at the legislation responsible for the regulation and prevention of toxins & waste – starting with the federal Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and the Albertan Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act. [1] We will also give you a couple of case studies to read about, giving the regulation of toxins & waste more context.

The Canadian Environmental Protection Act >>

[1] Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, SC 1999, c 33; Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act, RSA 2000, c E-12.